Krishi Vigyan Kendra is a district level institution engaged in transfer of latest agricultural technologies to the end users for bridging the gap between production and productivity. It works through partnership mode with allied departments and agencies. The KVK Kumher was established on 2nd October, 1988 under the administrative control of the Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner, Rajasthan and presently works under the cammand of SKN Agriculture Univeristy, Jobner, Jaipur. Since inception this KVK has been endeavoring for the upliftment of socio economic condition of the farming community of the district through scientific intervention in the agricultural and allied sectors.
The prime goal of KVK Kumher is to accelerate agricultural and allied production in the operational area besides imparting training as per needs and requirements of the farmers, farm women and rural youths including school drop-outs in the rural areas for self employment and enhancing the productivity. KVK is to reduce the time lag between generation of technology at the research institutions and it's transfer to the farmer's field for increasing production, productivity and income from the agriculture and allied sectors on a sustained basis. “Teaching by doing” and “learning by doing” through work experience is the principle methods of imparting skill training programme.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra: A Ray of Hope for Farmers
The initial mandate of KVK is to provide vocational training in agriculture and related subjects to practicing farmers, farm women, rural youth and in-service extension personnel. The target group population for training was tribal and small and marginal farmers.
The initial objectives of the KVK were
- To organize short and long term training course for increased farm production and improved home life and living.
- To develop a programme of outreach into remote tribal areas, to identify marginal and small farmers and train them through work experience on the ICAR,KVK demonstration units.
- To initiate the trainees into agricultural know-how considering them needs and constraints of the tribal villages in the areas of:
a) Crop, fruit and vegetable farming,
b) Development of allied agriculture production activity-poultry, dairying, and goat rearing.
c) Initiating group approach (SHG,s) among the farmer’s for their livelihood development .
d) Developing the entrepreneurial skills among the rural peoples through different income generation activities.
- To develop training programme for women to enhance their skill and integrate their effort with the other members of the family towards increasing farm production and income generation.
- To link the training with follow up programmes, to measure and monitor the actual impact of training in terms of improvement in agricultural and ailed production activities through built in interdisciplinary approach.
Thrust Areas of KVK Kumher
- Popularizing of High Yielding varieties of Oilseed and Pulse crops.
- Enhancing productivity of horticultural crops thorough crop diversification.
- Scientific Livestock Management with appropriate feeding, breeding and health management practices.
- Integrated Nutrient management in food and fruit crops.
- Quality seed production programme.
- Market led extension.
- Capacity building of Rural Youth and women through vocational training for taking up of income generating activity through SHG.
- Empowerment of farm women and rural youth.
- Developing farm management skills.
- Identification and production of locally available fodder.
Mandates of KVK Kumher
- Conducting on-farm testing to identify the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems.
- Organizing frontline demonstrations to establish production potential of various crops and enterprises on the farmers’ fields.
- Organizing need based training of farmers to update their knowledge and skills in modern agricultural technologies related to technology.assessment, refinement and demonstration and training of extension personnel to orient them in the frontier areas of technology development.
- Creating awareness about improved technologies to larger masses through appropriate extension programmes.
- Production and supply of good quality seeds and planting materials, livestock, poultry and fisheries breeds and products and various bio-products to the farming community.
- Work as resource and knowledge centre of agricultural technology for supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sector for improving the agricultural economy of the district.
Identification of training needs and Sector wise training needs
In order to explore the specific training needs of the farmers, bench mark surveys of selected farm families are conducted. The questionnaires developed by the Extension scientist which suit the needs of the area and the nature of the population, the tribal. The questionnaire was administered to the farmers of the selected villages and the most favored areas of training expressed by them discipline wise are as follows:
- Improved varieties of seeds
- Soil and seed treatment
- Fertilizer application
- Intercultural operations
- Irrigation management
- Plant protection measures
- High yielding varieties of vegetables and fruits
- Plant protection
- Irrigation and weed management
- Post Harvest Technology
Agricultural Extension & Mangement
- Bench Mark Survey, Participatory Rural Appraisal(PRA)
- Leadership and Capacity building
- Group dynamics and their Management
- Formation of SHGs and use in their livelihood improvement
- Formation of farmers club and their role in community development
- Develop Market Led Extension Services
- Froward and Future Market Linkages
- Breeding, Feeding and Management
- Disease control and health care
- Silage and Hay making
- Dairy management, Piggery management and Poultry Management
- IPM and IDM in crops ,vegetables and fruit trees
- Mushroom Production
- Disease Oriented Survey (DOS) of major crops
- Nutrition and child care
- Storage of food grains
- Income generating activities
- Flower cultivation
- Processing and preservation of fruits and vegetables
- Stitching and Knitting activities